European Journal of Rheumatology
Original Article

Transcultural adaptation of the EULAR activity index for primary Sjögren’s syndrome in Argentine


Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Bernardino Rivadavia, CABA, Argentina

Eur J Rheumatol 2020; 7: 16-20
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2019.19143
Read: 512 Downloads: 249 Published: 07 January 2020

Objective: To adapt the EULAR Activity Index for primary Sjögren’s syndrome (ESSDAI) to the Argentine population.

Methods: observational, cross- sectional study that included patients in a period of ten months. Three Argentine rheumatologists adapted and translated to Spanish the original version in English and the final version was translated back into English by a research associate whose mother language was English. In order to estimate the constructive validity of the index, the visual analogous scale (VAS) of disease activity was used by experts. A subgroup of patients attended a second visit in order to evaluate test–retest reliability.

Results: 51 patients were included, 49 (96.1%) were female, the median age was 58 ((interquartile range (IQR): 49-69)). The median global VAS was 10 (IQR: 4-22.25) and the median total ESSDAI score was 5 (IQR: 3-9). The correlation between the global VAS and the total ESSDAI score of the scale was 0.79. The intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.67 (95% CI: 0.32- 0.92) for the total score and 0.98 (95% CI: 0.92- 0.995) for the global VAS. The results of the correlation coefficient between the VAS and the scale for each domain were: constitutional symptoms: 0.46; lymphadenopathy: 0.76; glandular: 0.78; joint: 0.61; skin: 1; respiratory: 0.83; renal: 1; muscular:- (no patient had myositis); peripheral nervous system: 0.72; central nervous system: 0.67; hematological: 0.96; biomarkers: 0.86.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the ESSDAI is a reliable and valid index for this pSS argentinian population.

Cite this article as: Secco A, Marino L, Herscovich N, Aicardi P, Techera L, TaKashima L, et al. Transcultural adaptation of the EULAR activity index for primary Sjögren’s syndrome in Argentine. Eur J Rheumatol 2020; 7(1): 16-20.

ISSN2147-9720 EISSN 2148-4279